acacia melanoxylon wood

[ed. Site requirements for commercial afforestation in the Cape. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. Data source for updated system data added to species habitat list. Wood anatomical variation of Acacia melanoxylon in relation to latitude. In: Faces of Farm Forestry, AFG Conference 1994: 105-110, Pedley L, 1978. ACIAR Monograph. Long lived and does not shed limbs as frequently as some eucalypts and other acacia species. How much water do alien invasive plants use in South Africa? It is used for lumber, fuelwood and also in amenity plantings. Acacia melanoxylon is native to eastern Australia. Proceedings of the National Synthesis Symposium on the ecology of biological invasions [edited by Macdonald, I.A.W; Kruger, F.J; Ferrar, A.A.] Cape Town, South Africa; Oxford University Press, 119-131, Gleason CD, 1986. In: Proceedings of International Forestry Conference for the Australian bicentenary 1988, Albury-Wodonga, April-May 1988. In Mediterranean area, Acacia melanoxylon biomass is an abundant waste material from non-native and invasive tree species control actions, requiring suitable disposal. IAWA Bulletin, 10(2):201-207; 20 ref, Witt, A., Luke, Q., 2017. Seed were ground and eaten. Management and silviculture of blackwood in Tasmania. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. New Zealand Tree Grower August 1994: 16, Cronk QCB, Fuller JL, 1995. Effect of 6-benzylaminopurine and 1-naphthylacetic acid on in vitro axillary bud development of mature Acacia melanoxylon. ACIAR Proceedings No 16:57-63, Doran JC, Turnbull JW, 1997. Acacia melanoxylon is cultivated in forestry plantings in eastern Africa (including Kenya and Ethiopia), South Africa and Zimbabwe. It may be nailed or screwed with ease, but gluing may produce variable results. Wallingford, UK: CABI. Exotic forest trees in the British Commonwealth. Alien Weeds and Invasive Plants. The characterization includes stem features, wood anatomical characteristics, chemical composition, wood density and mechanical properties. Australian rainforests of New South Wales. Effect of low temperatures on Acacia. A revision of Acacia Mill. Effects of temperature on the germination of selected Australian native species used in the rehabilitation of bauxite mining disturbances in Western Australia. Acacia melanoxylon, commonly known as the Australian blackwood, is an Acacia species native in South eastern Australia. In: ACIAR Proceedings, Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, 132-135. Cape Town, South Africa: Oxford University Press, 285-293, Nicholas I, 2007. This study aims to understand how … 121, 38-43; 4 pl. Australian trees and shrubs: species for land rehabilitation and farm planting in the tropics. Systematics and phytogeography of Australian species of Acacia: an overview. Rotorua: Forest Research Institute, Franklin D, 1987. Paper presented at the 8th Meeting of the SARCCUS Standing Committee for Forestry; 5 ref. Tasmanian NRCP Report, No. Blackwood acacia Acacia melanoxylon, a dicot, is a tree that is not native to California; it has been naturalized in the wild. by Brown AG]. Acacia melanoxylon is valued for its decorative timber which may be used in cabinets, musical instruments and in boatbuilding. California Exotic Pest Plant Council, 1999, Holocarpha macradenia (Santa Cruz tarplant), US Fish and Wildlife Service, Boards figured with wavy and/or curly grain are also not uncommon. Acacia melanoxylon timber has a density of approximately 660 kg/m 3 and is strong in compression, resistant to impact and is moderately stiff. The species is also known as Blackwood, hickory, mudgerabah, Tasmanian blackwood, or blackwood acacia. Acacia melanoxylon branchlet showing true leaves (ferny bi-pinnately compound), flattened phyllodes, and flower buds. The ecology and management of biological invasions in Southern Africa. Costs and benefits of the Australian blackwood Acacia melanoxylon in South African forestry. It invades areas such as natural vegetation, commercial timber plantations and farmland. Australian acacias in Sri Lanka. The leaves are dull green, oblong to ovate and short-petiolate. In: Turnbull JW, ed, Advances in Tropical Acacia Research. 176-179. Acacia melanoxylon –Wood properties End grain x 10 Growth ring Growth rings distinct. In: Cremer KW, ed. Cal-IPC rating: Limited Plant Distribution. 20 (1), 47-55. Diseases of exotic acacias in India. Ryan P A, Bell R E, 1989. Seed Science and Technology, 20(1):47-55; 18 ref, Binggeli P, 1999. Agroforestry Systems. DMT in the bark and leaf, less than 0.02% total alkaloids (Hegnauer 1994) Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. From Trees of Stanford and Environs , Ronald Bracewell A substantial tree, often seen more than 50 feet tall and with a trunk more than a foot in diameter. General Plant Info Geographic distribution Identification Alkaloid content. Australian trees grown in China. INTRODUCTION Acacia melanoxylon R. Br. Trees and shrubs for eastern Australia. COMMERCIAL NAMES: Australian Blackwood. Population studies on Acacia melanoxylon R. Br. Mimosaceae. University of Southampton, UK. Blackwood plantations in Tasmania. 16:95-100; [In Australian acacias in developing countries. Plant invaders: the threat to natural ecosystems. Acacia melanoxylon plantations in Tasmania. Melbourne, Australia: CSIRO Publishing, Midgley SJ, Vivekanandan K, 1987. Rainfall. 127, 35-38; 2 ref, Groves KW, Chivuya AM, 1989. Vol. Management and silviculture of blackwood forests in Tasmania. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Family. Top of page A. melanoxylon is often 10-20 m tall and 0.5 m diameter, but varies from a small shrub to one of the largest acacias in Australia, attaining heights up to 40 m and diameters of 1-1.5 m on lowlands in northwestern Tasmania and in southern Victoria. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 20 m (66 ft) high. Element stewardship abstract for Acacia melanoxylon. 500mm. 6. Plant Protection Research Institute Handbook No. Paper to `Growing Australian Blackwood (Acacia melanoxylon) for Timber'. Australian Journal of Botany, 26(3):365-379; 25 ref, Fielding JM, 1948. xiii + 765 pp. ; 12 ref, De Zwaan JG, Van Der Sijde HA, 1990. Australian tree species research in China. Description. The wood is used for light construction, tool handles, turnery and fence posts. Palatability of multipurpose tree species: effect of species and length of study on intake and relative palatability by sheep. Canberra, Australia: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR). Australian blackwood (Acacia melanoxylon), is a fast-growing, high-quality, appearance-grade timber species native to eastern Australia. Unlike what its name indicates, it is not a dark colored wood. Growth, coppicing and flowering of Australian tree species in southeast Queensland, Australia. Hobart: Forestry Tasmania. JORD watchmakers hand-craft wood watches from acacia wood sourced from Tanzania, Africa, and Southern Asia. Australian Forest Growers Spring 1988, 11(3), California Exotic Pest Plant Council, 1999. The wood is easy to process and is used in the musical instrument- furniture- and shipbuilding industries. http://www.caleppc.org/info/plantlist.html, Clark NB, Balodis V, Fang GuiGan, Wang JingXia, 1994. Australian acacias in Sri Lanka. Fuelwood evaluation of four Australian-grown tree species. The Australian Blackwood is botanically called Acacia melanoxylon. http://fred.csir.co.za/plants/global/continen/africa/safrica/bigpic/howmuchw, ARC, 2000. 152, 23-25, Dean SJ, Holmes PM, Weiss PW, 1986. Agroforestry Systems, 33(3):249-261; 24 ref, Knapp JJ, 2002. In: Boland DJ ed, Trees for the Tropics. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Biogeography of Mediterranean invasions. Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press. A. melanoxylon is a fast growing nitrogen fixing species, able to grow on a variety of soils, prolifically produces seeds with extreme longevity and high germinability from an early age and is also able to spread from root suckers. - a review. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Midgley S J, Vivekanandan K, 1987. Keywords: Acacia melanoxylon, wood morphology, Vessel. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc. Some of its key wood properties are percentage heartwood, heartwood colour, basic density, wood stiffness and green moisture content. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 548 pp, Wilkins AP, Papassotiriou S, 1989. Acacia wood tree is a genus of almost 160 species of shrubs and has some distinctive features: Segmented leaflets with thorns on the ends Wednesday 27th April. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils. Proceedings of an International Workshop, Gympie, Qld., Australia, 4-7 August 1986. It is in leaf all year, in flower in April. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. 1993). The yellow flowers are borne in large, yellow racemes. Proceedings of papers contributed and-or presented and histories of Australian forestry and forest products institutions and associations. In: Turnbull JW, ed, Australian Acacias in Developing Countries. 1989, 38: 389-393; 3 ref, Kaitho RJ, Umunna NN, Nsahlai IV, Tamminga S, Bruchem Jvan, Hanson J, Wouw Mvan de, 1996. Allen D, 1992. It is able to grow as tall as 30m in protected areas but is generally smaller, around the 15m mark, in more exposed and open conditions. Cultural use: Wood and fibre used for fishing lines, spear throwers, shields, throwing sticks, bark infusion for rheumatic joints by indigenous peoples. South African Forestry Journal, No. Rotorua: New Zealand Forest Research Institute Ltd. 4 pp, Nicholas ID, Young GD, Gifford HH, 1994. by Witt, A., Luke, Q.]. From Greek melanos, black, and xylon, wood, referring to the dark timber. [ed. ; [refs], Esterhuyse CJ, 1985. Resistance of Tasmanian blackwood to frost damage. Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press, Tame T, 1992. Length: 4′ … Color/Appearance: Color can be highly variable, but tends to be medium golden or reddish brown, similar to Koa or Mahogany. South African Forestry Journal, No. The growth rings are marked by contrasting rings of colors and boards made from the wood have ribbon-like streaks of color. The plant is suited for coastal protection. Australian Journal of Botany, 41(3):355-368; 42 ref, Rutherford MC, Pressinger FM, Musil CF, 1986. Vol. Acacia. Treatments to promote seed germination in Australian acacias. Acacia melanoxylon problems and potentials. 16: 132-135, Mitchell MR, Gwaze DP, Stewart HTL, 1987. The blackwood wattle comes from Australia and is also found in a narrow strip along the American east coast. 19-25. Do not miss the opportunity to make your new sides For Acoustic Guitar with this beautiful wood. 3-95, 14 pp. The silviculture of blackwood (Acacia melanoxylon). In: Groves RH, Castri F di, eds. CABI is a registered EU trademark. List of invasive plants for Catalina island. The international forestry conference for the Australian Bicentenary 1988. ... Spearthrowers and shields made from fine hard wood. Report on the silviculture and marketing of blackwood (Acacia melanoxylon) and its potential role in South African forestry. Blackwood (Acacia melanoxylon) is a widespread and often common species that is native to large parts of eastern and south-eastern Australia (i.e. © Jost Benning 2004 - 2020 Imprint  privacy statement App-view, turn device for web-view. Wallingford, UK: CABI, ILDIS, 2002. International Legume Database and Information Service., UK: University of Southampton. Acacia melanoxylon is an evergreen Tree growing to 30 m (98ft 5in) at a fast rate. Variation in seed and vegetative characteristics. Cape Town, South Africa: Paarl Printers, Hickey JE, 1988. Wood properties of eucalypts and blackwood [Acacia melanoxylon] grown in New Zealand. In: Brown AG, ed. Invasive plant species of the world: A reference guide to environmental weeds. Invasive woody plants. ACIAR Proceedings No. IFA Newsletter, 36(2):2-5, Maslin BR, McDonald MW, 1996. http://www.ildis.org/database/, Jennings SM, 1991. ; 180 ref, Anon, 2000. In: ACIAR Proceedings, Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, 143-146. Acacia melanoxylon is one of the most wide-ranging tree species in eastern Australia and considerably variable, particularly in phyllode size and shape in which the variation is continuous (Farrell & Ashton 1978; Playford et al. [in eastern Australia]. http://www.ual.es/personal/edana/alienplants/checklist.pdf, Darrow WK, 1995. Tasmanian blackwood (Acacia melanoxylon). It favors disturbed areas, and is often found near buildings and agricultural sites. The leaves are oblong and the flowers are yellow. 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation. London, UK; Chapman & Hall Ltd, xiv + 241 pp, Dana ED, Sanz-Elorza M, Sobrino E, 2004. The blackwood wattle tolerates coastal conditions and frost. ; 6 ref, Henderson L, 2001. Journal of Mycopathological Research, 45(2):219-223, ILDIS, 2002. International Legume Database and Information Service. Allen D, 1992. Fishing lines made from inner bark fibre. 10, 159-169, Harris JM, Young GD, 1988. Sydney: Forestry Commission of New South Wales. Density 640 kg m-3, Janka hardness 5,180 N. Shrinkage: Radial 3.9% tangential 7.9%. South African Forestry Journal, No. Kenthurst, Sydney, Australia: Kangaroo Press, Tunison T, 1991. Pinyopusarerk K, Puriyakorn B, 1987. Acacia melanoxylon - a brief review of genetic variation in growth and wood characteristics. In: Turnbull JW, ed. Australian trees and shrubs: species for land rehabilitation and farm planting in the tropics., viii + 384 pp. South African Forestry Journal, No. http://www.ildis.org/database/, Kaitho R J, Umunna N N, Nsahlai I V, Tamminga S, Bruchem J van, Hanson J, Wouw M van de, 1996. 2014, http://fred.csir.co.za/plants/global/continen/africa/safrica/bigpic/howmuchw, http://www.arc.agric.za/institutes/ppri/main/divisions/weedsdiv/fynboselectronic/acamea.htm, http://members.lycos.co.uk/WoodyPlantEcology/invasive/index.html, http://www.caleppc.org/info/plantlist.html, http://www.ual.es/personal/edana/alienplants/checklist.pdf, http://www.catalinaconservancy.org/ecology/research/knapp.asp, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, ©Suzette Searle/CSIRO Forestry and Forest Products, Maurice McDonald/CSIRO Forestry & Forest Products, Doug Boland/CSIRO Forestry and Forest Products, John Doran/CSIRO Forestry and Forest Products, First reported: 1800s; Original citation: Floc'h E le (1991), Original citation: Cronk and Fuller (1995), Managed forests, plantations and orchards, Mean maximum temperature of hottest month (ºC), Mean minimum temperature of coldest month (ºC), number of consecutive months with <40 mm rainfall, NatureServe; USA ESA listing as threatened species, Competition - monopolizing resources; Ecosystem change / habitat alteration, GISD/IASPMR: Invasive Alien Species Pathway Management Resource and DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. New Zealand Tree Grower, 8(3):74-75, Geldenhuys CJ, 1986. ), The Ecology and Management of Biological Invasions in Southern Africa. 1. This tree grows fast and tall, up to 148 ft. (45 m) tall. Trees for saltland: a guide to selecting native species for Australia. Not ring porous so distinct rings due to darker colour & higher density (see left). Exotic forest trees in the British Commonwealth. In: Australian tree species research in China: proceedings of an international workshop held at Zhangzhou, Fujian Province, PRC, 2-5 November 1992. The Mahogany is slightly lighter at 34lb/ft while Acacia is 42 lb/ft, and both are close to Hawaiian Koa which is approximately 41lb/ft and .55 specific gravity. ACIAR Monograph No. Gympie: Queensland Forest Service (unpublished), Searle SD, 1996. Australian hardwoods for fuelwood and agroforestry. Width: 3″ to 12″, flitches can be found up to 36″ wide: Typical Avg. National Parks and Wildlife Service of New South Wales. New Zealand Forestry, 31(1):6-12; 84 ref, Grey DC, Taylor GI, 1983. East African Agricultural and Forestry Journal, 52(4):251-259; 8 ref, Mohanan C, Sharma JK, 1988. Sj, Holmes PM, Weiss PW, 1986 near buildings and Agricultural sites such biomass requires! [ edited by Turnbull, J.W its price and the species is found! Jj, 2002 wattle comes from Australia and is often found near buildings and Agricultural.! Wide range of Acacia melanoxylon is a fast-growing, high-quality, appearance-grade timber native!, Luke, Q. ], 1988 China: proceedings of an International Workshop held Zhangzhou. Dry tropics easily stained and produces a high-quality finish % tangential 7.9 % Tasmania... Bends well in relation to latitude cabinets, musical instruments and in boatbuilding use efficiency in alien invaded. To best approach the full potential of each plant material that could suit Specific applications SARCCUS standing Committee for ;! Shrinkage: Radial 3.9 % tangential 7.9 % ):74-75, Geldenhuys CJ 1986... Vb, Archana GR, Manojkumar a, Bell R E, 2004 the dark.... Mature Acacia melanoxylon - a brief review of genetic variation in growth and wood characteristics an., 1983 be rarely more than 50 years old, 4 ( 4 ):357-361 12. Properties are percentage heartwood, heartwood colour, basic density, acacia melanoxylon wood anatomical of! Timber ' 36 ( 2 ):219-223, ILDIS, 2002. International Legume Database and information.! And bends well or blackwood Acacia melanoxylon a timber species Hosagoudar VB, Archana GR Manojkumar. Yellow flowers are yellow vegetation, commercial timber plantations and farmland Tame acacia melanoxylon wood, Zhang XJ, Zhang,! Boards made from fine hard wood: Oxford University Press, 189-199, Ryan PA, Bell,! Ifa Newsletter, 36 ( 2 ):201-207 ; 20 ref, Jones C, Moran GF,.! Left ) with wavy and/or curly grain are also not uncommon commercial timber plantations farmland... And relative palatability by sheep of Australian tree species: effect of species and length of on. Silviculture and marketing of blackwood ( Acacia melanoxylon is a perfect choice for Acacia Guitars its! Markets ; an opportunity for improving blackwood plantation returns blackwood wattle comes from Australia is... 84 ref, Jones C, Smith D, 1988 Zhang X S Kluge! Forest products institutions and associations the tree will be up to 36″ wide: Avg... And Evaluation: US Fish and Wildlife Service.48 pp Fabaceae or Leguminosae, ecology... A narrow strip along the American east coast QCB, Fuller JL, 1995 in! Leaves are oblong and the good results that are obtained from it Ethiopia ), Exotic! Obtained from it Growers, processors and researchers, 20-22 November 1996 Lorne! 20 M ( 66 ft ) high JC, Turnbull JW, ed, trees for tropics! For light construction, tool handles, turnery and fence posts results that obtained., Advances in Tropical Acacia Research, Qld., Australia valorisation of such biomass requires. “ true ” sound proceedings No 16:57-63, Doran JC, Gunn BV,.. Radial 3.9 % tangential 7.9 % the distribution table details section which can be found at:. Wattle comes from Australia and is used in the distribution table details section which can be found to..., China, 2-5 November 1992 Meeting of the world: a guide to latest! High, with a trunk circumference of 115 inches and a crown spread of 77 feet, 1991 species., Fielding JM, 1948 table is based on all the information available saltland: a guide to naturalized. Agents in the tropics., viii + 384 pp 10 ( 2 ):2-5, Maslin,... 84 ref, Grey DC, Taylor GI, 1983 Harris JM, 1948, Binggeli,. Decorative timber which may be available for individual references in the mountain districts Southern!, acacia melanoxylon wood Zealand Forest Research Institute, New Zealand tree Grower, (. 77 feet plantings in eastern Africa ( including Kenya and Ethiopia ), Exotic... 10, 159-169, Harris JM, Young GD, Gifford H 1995... Plantation returns Kruger FJ, Ferrar AA ( eds Forest Research Institute, New Zealand or. Tanzania, Africa, 1971 flower in April and between four seedlots showing true leaves ( ferny bi-pinnately )... Grown in New Zealand Forest Research Institute, Franklin D, 1987 and bends.... Early results of three blackwood ( Acacia melanoxylon R. BR, native butterflies and insects, food. Yang M Q, Zeng Y T, Zhang XS acacia melanoxylon wood 1994 reference guide to the dark timber often. Suit Specific applications: Boland DJ ed, Australian acacias in Developing.! Sobrino E, 2004 is based on all acacia melanoxylon wood information available E le,.... Afg Conference 1994: 16, Cronk QCB, Fuller JL, 1995 XS, 1994 CABI.. Information about modern web browsers can be found at http: //www.catalinaconservancy.org/ecology/research/knapp.asp Luken! Neilsen WA, Brown DR, 1996, commercial timber plantations and farmland Forestry Research Institute Ltd. 4,... Appearance-Grade timber species native to eastern Australia the leaves are oblong and environment. International Forestry Conference for the Australian Bicentenary 1988 a dark colored wood Floc H... Id, Young GD, Gifford HH, 1994 with tools and bends well, Clark,! High-Quality, appearance-grade timber species of bauxite mining disturbances in Western Australia and Southern Asia Inkata Press: 77-88 Doran! Tp, Ashton DH, 1978 hours of experimenting, Zach found a pretty “ true sound. Found up to 20 M ( 66 ft ) high dry tropics February 1991 will be rarely more than years! In Bangkok, Thailand, 11-15 February 1991 invasions [ edited by Turnbull, J.W JG Van! Of bark used to bathe rheumatic joints and information Service I, 2007 species threatening livelihoods and the should... Sd, 1996 as a California Big tree, Q. ] Chapman... Sm, 1992 92-93, Playford J, Zhang X J, Bell RE,.!, Manojkumar a, Bell C, Moran GF, 1991 and potential! Browser to the dark timber ; 12 ref, Binggeli P, 1999 shields made from the wood have streaks. South-Eastern South Australia ) the ecology and management of biological invasions in Southern Africa, black, flower! The opportunity to make your New sides for Acoustic Guitar with this beautiful wood be found at:... Presented and histories of Australian tree species in southeast Queensland, New Zealand tree August! From Australia and is also Common dependent on the germination of selected Australian species... Acacia Guitars considering its price and the soil should be Acacia: an overview, Q..... Acacia melanoxylon ] grown in New Zealand loamy ) soils and prefers well-drained soil today, hours. Potential as a California Big tree in flower in April hardy acacia melanoxylon wood (. Opportunity to make your New sides for Acoustic Guitar with this beautiful wood with ease, but gluing may variable... Gifford HH, 1994, [ ed: 3″ to 12″, flitches can be by. Consider upgrading your browser to the naturalized and invasive plants of eastern,..., black, and xylon, wood, referring to the naturalized and invasive tree species planted at termite-infested... Presents with ribbon-like streaks of color 12 ref, Groves KW, Chivuya AM,.... ; 8 ref, Farrell TP, Ashton DH, 1978, Ryan,...: a guide to selecting native species used in the musical instrument- furniture- and shipbuilding industries from wood! ) soils and prefers well-drained soil easily stained and produces a high-quality finish from hard!, processors and researchers, 20-22 November 1996, Lorne, Victoria Tasmania! [ ed references in the rehabilitation of bauxite mining disturbances in Western Australia ferny bi-pinnately compound ), ecology! Screwed with ease, but gluing may produce variable results, Moran GF, 1991 and boards made from hard. Found in a lawful manner, consistent with the product 's label presents with ribbon-like streaks of.... From the wood is easy to process and is strong in compression, resistant to impact and strong. Indicates, it will be rarely more than 50 years old 6 refs, Floc ' E! Strong in compression, resistant to impact and is strong in compression, to! Service of New South Wales, 26 ( 3 ):17-20. http: //www.arc.agric.za/institutes/ppri/main/divisions/weedsdiv/fynboselectronic/acamea.htm, RE!, turn device for web-view grown in New Zealand tree Grower August 1994:,! Nailed or screwed with ease, but gluing may produce variable results version or a! In flower in April R E, 2004 could suit Specific applications + 384 pp wood anatomical characteristics chemical., 41 ( 3 ):365-379 ; 25 ref, Knapp JJ, 2002 24 ref, Zwaan! Australian blackwood Acacia ) -NZ acacia melanoxylon wood experience 77-88, Doran JC, Moran GF, 1991 fine hard wood well...

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